Risk Assessment of Nanomaterials
The risk assessment methodologies for the evaluation of potential risks of chemical substances to humans and environment are generally applicable to manufactured nanomaterials (characterization of nanomaterials, human exposure and hazard, environmental exposure and hazard, risk characterization).
REACH (EC REGULATION No 1907/2006) is the legislation applicable to the manufacture, placing on the market and use of substances. Nanomaterials are covered by the definition of a substance in REACH, even though there is no reference to nanomaterials. The general obligations in REACH, such as registration of substances manufactured at 1 tonne or more and providing information in the supply chain apply as for any other substance.
The OECD programme on NM aims to identify the role of alternative methods in nanotoxicology.
The OECD project is looking into alternative test methods (to reduce the use of animals in the hazard evaluation of nanomaterials) and analyze how they might be used in an overall assessment plan for hazard testing of manufactured nanomaterials.
OECD Programme on safety of manufactured nanomaterials
Nanomaterials Safety Assessment
The EU NanoSafety Cluster is a DG RTD NMP initiative to maximise the synergies between the existing European projects addressing all aspects of nanosafety including toxicology, ecotoxicology, exposure assessment, mechanisms of interaction, risk assessment and standardization.